#1 in Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA
Grand Canyon (Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA)
Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA: The Grand Canyon is a steep canyon carved by the Colorado River in Arizona, USA. The Grand Canyon is 277 miles (446 kilometers) long, 18 miles (29 kilometers) wide, and more than one mile (6093 feet or 1857 meters) deep.
The canyon and adjacent edges are contained in the Grand Canyon National Park, Kaibab National Forest, Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument, Hualapai Indian Reservation, Havasupai Indian Reservation, and Navajo Nation. President Theodore Roosevelt is a major supporter of protecting the Grand Canyon area and has visited the area many times to hunt and appreciate the scenery.
When the Colorado River Plateau was lifted, as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut through the rocks layer by layer, nearly two billion years of earth’s geological history was exposed. Although geologists have debated some aspects of the canyon cutting history, some recent research supports the hypothesis that the Colorado River established a channel in the area about 5 to 6 million years ago. Since then, the Colorado River has been pushing for the reduction of tributaries and the retreat of cliffs, while deepening and widening the canyon.
The area has been inhabited by Native Americans for thousands of years, who built settlements in the canyon and its many caves. The people of Pueblo regard the Grand Canyon as a holy place, and pilgrims make a pilgrimage. The first European to see the Grand Canyon was García López de Cárdenas from Spain, who arrived in 1540.
Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA
#2 in Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA
Yosemite National Park (Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA)
Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA: Yosemite National Park is a national park in the central United States, located in the western part of the Sierra Nevada Mountains in Central California, with the Sierra National Forest in the southeast and Stanislaus National Forest in the northwest.
The park is managed by the National Park Service and covers an area of 748,436 acres (1,169 square miles; 3,029 square kilometers) in four counties: centered on Tuolumne and Mariposa, extending north and east to Mono, South to Madeira County. Yosemite was designated as a World Heritage Site in 1984 and is internationally renowned for its granite cliffs, waterfalls, clear streams, giant redwood forests, lakes, mountains, grasslands, glaciers, and biodiversity. Almost 95% of the park is designated as wilderness.
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Yosemite is one of the largest and most fragmented habitats in the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and there is a variety of flora and fauna in the park. The park’s altitude ranges from 2127 to 13,114 feet (648 to 3997 m) and includes five main vegetation areas: jungle and oak woodlands, low mountain forests, alpine forests, subalpine and high mountains. Of the 7,000 plantations in California, about 50% are in the Sierra Nevada Mountains and about 20% are in Yosemite. The park has a habitat suitable for more than 160 kinds of rare plants. These rare local geological structures and unique soils characterize the restricted range of many of them.
The geological features of the Yosemite area are the remnants of granite and old rocks. About ten million years ago, the Sierra Nevada Mountains were uplifted and then tilted to form its relatively gentle west slope and a more dramatic east slope. The uplift increases the steepness of streams and river beds, resulting in the formation of narrow and deep canyons. About a million years ago, snow and ice accumulated and formed glaciers on the higher alpine meadows, which moved towards the valley. At the beginning of the glacier, the ice thickness in the Yosemite Valley may have reached 4,000 feet (1,200 m). The downhill movement of the ice cut and carved the U-shaped valley, which now attracts many tourists.
Yosemite is the core of the development of the national park concept. Galen Clark and others lobbied to protect the Yosemite Valley from development, which eventually led to President Abraham Lincoln’s signing of the Yosemite grant in 1864. John Muir led a successful campaign to require Congress to establish a larger national park by 1890, including valleys and surrounding mountains and forests, paving the way for the national park system. Yosemite now attracts about 4 million visitors every year, most of which spend most of their time in the 7 square miles (18 square kilometers) of Yosemite Valley. The park set a tourist record in 2016, exceeding 5 million visitors for the first time in history.
Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA
#3 in Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA
Glacier National Park (Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA)
Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA: Glacier National Park is a national park of the United States located in northwestern Montana, bordering Canada and the United States, and adjacent to the Canadian provinces of Alberta and British Columbia. The park covers an area of more than 1 million acres (4,000 square kilometers) and includes parts of two mountain ranges (sub-mountains of the Rocky Mountains), more than 130 named lakes, more than 1,000 different plants, and hundreds of animals. This vast primitive ecosystem is the core part of the so-called “Crown of the Continent Ecosystem”, and the area of protected land in this area amounts to 16,000 square miles (41,000 square kilometers).
The area that became Glacier National Park was originally an area inhabited by Native Americans. After European explorers arrived, it was dominated by Blackfeet in the east and Flathead in the west. Under pressure, the Blackfoot Army ceded the mountains of its treaty land to the federal government in 1895. Later became part of the park. Soon after the park was established on May 11, 1910, many hotels and cabins were built on the Great Northern Railway.
These historic hotels and cabins are listed as National Historic Landmarks, and there are 350 locations on the National Register of Historic Places. By 1932, the “Going-to-the-Sun Road” had completed its work and was later designated as a “National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark”, providing greater convenience for cars to enter the center of the park.
The mountains of Glacier National Park began 170 million years ago when the ancient rocks were forced to move eastward and up and covered with younger rock layers. These sedimentary rocks are called Lewis overlying rocks and are believed to have some of the best examples of early life fossils on Earth.
The current shape of the Lewis and Livingston Mountains and the location and size of the lakes show strong evidence of large-scale glacial activity, which carved U-shaped valleys and left Moline filled with water to form lakes. At the end of the Little Ice Age, there were an estimated 150 glaciers in the park in the mid-19th century, and by 2010, only 25 active glaciers remained. Scientists studying glaciers in the park estimate that by 2030, all active glaciers may disappear. Current climate patterns persist.
Almost all the original native flora and fauna species in Glacier National Park. The park is home to large mammals such as grizzly bears, moose, and goats, as well as rare or endangered species such as Wolverine and Canadian Lynx. Hundreds of species of birds, more than a dozen species of fish, and some reptiles and amphibians have been recorded. The park has many ecosystems ranging from grassland to tundra.
The easternmost forests of cedar and hemlock grow in the southwest part of the park. Forest fires often occur in the park. Except for 1964, the existence of the park has fired every year. There were 64 fires in 1936, the most on record. In 2003, six fires destroyed approximately 136,000 acres (550 square kilometers), accounting for more than 13% of the park.
Glacier National Park borders Canada’s Waterton Lakes National Park. These two parks are called Waterton Glacier International Peace Park and were designated as the world’s first international peace park in 1932. These two parks were designated as biosphere reserves by the United Nations in 1976 and were listed as World Heritage Sites in 1995. In April 2017, Union Park won the temporary gold medal of Waterton Glacier International Dark Sky Park through the first cross-border Dark Sky Park International Dark-Sky Association.
Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA
#4 in Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA
Yellowstone National Park (Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA)
Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA: Yellowstone National Park is a national park of the United States, located in the western United States, mainly in the northwest corner of Wyoming, and extends to Montana and Idaho. It was established by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1872.
Yellowstone National Park is the first national park in the United States and is widely regarded as the first national park in the world. The park is famous for its wildlife and many geothermal features, especially the Old Faithful Geyser, which is one of the most popular geysers. Although it represents many types of biological communities, subalpine forests are the most abundant. It is part of the forest ecological zone of the Rocky Mountains in the south-central.
Although Native Americans have lived in the Yellowstone region for at least 11,000 years, organized exploration did not begin until the end of the 1860s, except for visiting mountain people from the early 19th to the mid-20th century. The management and control of the park were originally under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of the Interior. The first Secretary of the Interior in charge of the park was Columbus Delano. However, the U.S. Army was eventually assigned to oversee the management of Yellowstone for 30 years from 1886 to 1916.
In 1917, the management of the park was transferred to the National Park Service, which was created the previous year. Hundreds of structures have been built and protected because of their architectural and historical significance. Researchers have inspected more than 1,000 archaeological sites.
The area of Yellowstone National Park is 3,468.4 square miles (8,983 square kilometers), including lakes, canyons, rivers and mountains. Yellowstone Lake is one of the largest high-altitude lakes in North America, centered on the Yellowstone Crater, the largest supervolcano in Europe. The caldera is considered a dormant volcano.
In the past 2 million years, it has exploded with great power several times. Continuous volcanic activity has boosted the characteristics of half of the world’s geysers and hydrothermal fluids. Rocks caused by lava flows and volcanic eruptions cover most of Yellowstone. The park is the core of the Big Yellowstone Ecosystem, which is the largest existing, almost intact ecosystem in the temperate zone of the northern part of the earth. In 1978, Yellowstone Park was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Hundreds of mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians have been recorded, including several species that are endangered or threatened. The vast forests and grasslands also include unique plants. Yellowstone National Park is the largest and most famous large animal habitat in the contiguous area of the United States. Grizzlies, wild wolves, and bison herds live in the park. The bison herd in Yellowstone Park is the oldest and largest bison herd in the United States. Forest fires occur in the park every year; in the 1988 forest fire, nearly one-third of the park was destroyed.
Yellowstone Park has many leisure activities, including hiking, camping, boating, fishing, and sightseeing. The paved road leads to the main geothermal area and some lakes and waterfalls. In winter, visitors usually enter the park by means of a guided tour of snowmobiles or snowmobiles.
Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA
#5 in Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA
Zion National Park (Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA)
Best 5 Places to Visit in the USA: Zion National Park is an American national park located in southwestern Utah near the town of Springdale. A notable feature of the 229 square miles (590 square kilometers) park is Zion Canyon, which is 15 miles (24 kilometers) long and 2,640 feet (800 m) deep. The canyon walls are red and tan Navajo sandstone, eroded by the north fork of the Virgin River.
The lowest point of the park is 3,666 feet (1,117 m) at Coalpits Wash, and the highest peak is 8,726 feet (2,660 m) at Horse Ranch Mountain. The park is located at the junction of the Colorado Plateau, the Great Basin, and the Mojave Desert. It has a unique geographical environment and various living areas that can achieve an unusual diversity of flora and fauna. The four living areas of the park are inhabited by numerous plant species as well as 289 species of birds, 75 species of mammals (including 19 species of bats), and 32 species of reptiles: deserts, riverbanks, woodlands, and coniferous forests. Zion National Park includes mountains, canyons, hills, mesas, boulders, rivers, slot canyons, and natural arches.
Human inhabitation in the area began about 8,000 years ago, when it was composed of small Native American families, one of which was the semi-nomadic basket maker Anasazi (c. 300 CE). Subsequently, when the basket makers settled in the permanent community, the Venus Anasazi Culture (c. 500) and the Palovan Fremont Group developed. Both groups left in 1300 and were replaced by Parrusits and several other southern Paiute tribes.
Mormons entered the area in 1858 and settled here in the early 1860s. In 1909, President William Howard Taft named the Mukuntuweap National Monument Protected Canyon. In 1918, Horace Albright, acting director of the newly formed National Park Service, drafted a proposal to expand the existing monument and change the name of the park to Zion National Monument , Zion is a term used by Mormons.
According to the historian Hal Rothman: “The name change was prejudiced at the time. Many people believed that Spanish and Indian names would deter visitors. If they could not name a place, They may not bother visiting it. The new name Zion is more attractive to a nation-based audience.” On November 19, 1919, Congress changed the name of the monument to Zion National Park. Signed by President Wilson. The Kolob Festival was declared a separate Zion National Monument in 1937 but was incorporated into the national park in 1956.
The geology of the Zion and Kolob canyon areas includes 9 rock formations, which together represent the 150 million-year Mesozoic sedimentary age. In various periods of that period, warm, shallow seas, streams, ponds and lakes, vast deserts, and dry near-shore environments covered the area. The uplift associated with the establishment of the Colorado Plateau caused the area to rise by 10,000 feet (3,000 m) 13 million years ago.