Amazing Facts About Vienna (Austria) – Vienna is the capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the nine Austrian states. Vienna is the most populous city in Austria, with approximately 2 million inhabitants (2.6 million in the metropolitan area, accounting for nearly one-third of the country’s population) and its cultural, economic, and political center. It is the sixth most populous city within the EU city limits.
Until the beginning of the 20th century, Vienna was the largest German-speaking city in the world. Before the split of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I, the city had 2 million inhabitants. Today, it is the second-largest German-speaking city after Berlin.
Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations, OPEC, and OSCE. The city is located in eastern Austria, close to the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary. These areas work together in the border areas of central Europe.
Together with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan area with 3 million inhabitants. In 2001, the city center was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was moved to the World Heritage List in Danger in July 2017.
In addition, Vienna is known as the “City of Music” because of its musical heritage. Many famous classical musicians such as Beethoven and Mozart call Vienna their home. Vienna is also known as the “City of Dreams” because it is the hometown of Sigmund Freud, the world’s first psychoanalyst. The ancestors of Vienna originated in early Celtic and Roman settlements, which were transformed into medieval and Baroque cities. From the age of Viennese Classicism to the beginning of the 20th century, it is known for its pivotal role as Europe’s leading music center.
The historic center of Vienna has a rich architectural complex, including Baroque palaces and gardens, and the Ring Street in the late 19th century, lined with magnificent buildings, monuments, and parks.
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Vienna is famous for its high quality of life. In a 2005 study of 127 world cities, the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked this city as the world’s most livable city (tied with Vancouver and San Francisco). From 2011 to 2015, Vienna ranked second, second only to Melbourne. Monocle’s 2015 “Quality of Life Survey” ranked Vienna second in the list of the world’s top 25 “bases in” cities. The Monocle 2012 “Quality of Life Survey” ranked Vienna fourth in the top 25 cities in the world for “base establishment” (ranked sixth in 2011 and eighth in 2010). UN-Habitat listed Vienna as the world’s most prosperous city in 2012/2013.
In 2007 and 2008, the city’s innovation culture ranked first in the world and sixth in the world in the 2014 Innovation City Index (out of 256 cities), which analyzed 162 indicators covering three areas: culture, infrastructure, and markets.
Vienna regularly hosts city planning conferences and is often used as a case study by city planners. From 2005 to 2010, Vienna was the destination of the world’s largest international conference and convention. It attracts more than 6.8 million tourists every year.
Amazing Facts About Vienna (Austria)
Actors from Vienna
Notable entertainers born in Vienna include Hedy Lamarr, Christoph Waltz, John Banner, Christiane Hörbiger, Eric Pohlmann, Boris Kodjoe, Christine Buchegger, Mischa Hausserman, Senta Berger and Christine Ostermayer.
Musicians from Vienna
Notable musicians born in Vienna include Louie Austen, Alban Berg, Falco, Fritz Kreisler, Joseph Lanner, Arnold Schönberg, Franz Schubert, Johann Strauss I, Johann Strauss II, Anton Webern, and Joe Zawinul.
Famous musicians who came here to work from other parts of Austria and Germany were Johann Joseph Fux, Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Ferdinand Ries, Johann Sedlatzek, Antonio Salieri, Carl Czerny, Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Franz Liszt, Franz von Suppé, Anton Bruckner, Johannes Brahms, Gustav Mahler and Rainhard Fendrich.
Notable Jewish cultural figures from Vienna
Among the most notable Viennese Jews, some of whom left Austria before and during Nazi persecution, are the following figures: Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler (who eventually converted to Christianity), Rudolf Dreikurs, Viktor Frankl, Fritz Lang, Peter Lorre, Fred Zinnemann (both of whose parents were murdered in the Holocaust), Stefan Zweig, Simon Wiesenthal, Theodor Herzl, Judah Alkalai, Erich von Stroheim, Hedy Lamarr, Billy Wilder, Franz Werfel, Arnold Schoenberg, Walter Arlen and Fritz Kreisler.
Notable writers from Vienna
Notable writers from Vienna include Karl Leopold von Möller, Carl Julius Haidvogel, and Stefan Zweig.
Writers who lived and worked in Vienna include Franz Kafka, Arthur Schnitzler, Elias Canetti, Ingeborg Bachmann, Robert Musil, Karl Kraus, Ernst von Feuchtersleben, Thomas Bernhard and Elfriede Jelinek.
Notable politicians from Vienna
Notable politicians from Vienna include Karl Leopold von Möller.
Vienna is the main educational center of Austria, with many universities, professional colleges, and gymnasiums (high schools).
Academy of Fine Arts Vienna
Central European University
Diplomatic Academy of Vienna
Medical University of Vienna
PEF Private University of Management Vienna
University of Applied Arts Vienna
University of Applied Sciences Campus Vienna
University of Music and Performing Arts, Vienna
University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna
University of Vienna
Vienna University of Economics and Business
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna
University of Applied Sciences Technikum Wien
Webster University Vienna
Sigmund Freud University Vienna
International Anti-Corruption Academy (in Laxenburg, 24 km (15 mi) south of Vienna)
Danube International School
International University Vienna
Lauder Business School
Lycée Français de Vienne
Vienna Christian School
Vienna International School
American International School
Japanische Schule in Wien (Japanese school)
Amadeus International School
The main tourist attractions include the Hofburg Palace and Schönbrunn Palace (also home to Tiergarten Schönbrunn, the oldest zoo in the world) and Riesenrad in Prater. Cultural highlights include the Burgtheater, Wiener Staatsoper, the Lipizzaner horse from the Hofreitschule in Spain, and the Vienna Boys’ Choir, as well as visits to Döbling in the Heurigen district of Vienna.
There are more than 100 art museums, attracting more than 8 million visitors each year. The most popular is the Leopold Museum in Albertina, Belvedere, Museumsquartier, KunstHausWien, Bank Austria Kunstforum, the twin Kunsthistorisches Museum, and Naturhistorisches Museum, and the Technisches Museum of Vienna, each of which receives more than 250,000 visitors each year.
There are many popular attractions related to composers living in Vienna, including Beethoven’s various residences and tombs in Zentralfriedhof (Central Cemetery), which is the largest cemetery in Vienna and the cemetery of many celebrities. Mozart has a memorial tomb in the Habsburg Gardens and St. Marx’s Cemetery (where his tomb was lost). Many churches in Vienna also attract a large crowd, among which the famous St. Stephen’s Cathedral, the Deutschordenskirche, the Jesuitenkirche, the Karlskirche, the Peterskirche, Maria am Gestade, the Minoritenkirche, the Ruprechtskirche, the Schottenkirche, St. Ulrich, and the Votivkirche.
Modern attractions include views of Hundertwasserhaus, United Nations Headquarters, and Donauturm.
Capital city and state
414.78 km2 (160.15 sq mi)
395.25 km2 (152.61 sq mi)
19.39 km2 (7.49 sq mi)
151 (Lobau) – 542 (Hermannskogel) m (495–1,778 ft)
1st in Austria (6th in EU)
4,326.1/km2 (11,205/sq mi)
German: Wiener (m)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
1xx0 (xx = district number)
1400 (United Nations)
other 1yyy (postal boxes)
ISO 3166 code
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