Amazing Facts About Zadar (Croatia) – Zadar is the oldest inhabited city in Croatia. It is located in the Adriatic Sea, northwest of the Ravnikotari region. Zadar is the seat of Zadar County and the wider northern region of Dalmatia. The urban area is 25 square kilometers (9.7 square miles) and its population was 75,082 in 2011, making it the second-largest city in Dalmatia and the fifth largest city in the country.
The current Zadar area can be traced back to the earliest evidence of human life in the late Stone Age, and many settlements can be traced back to the Neolithic Age. Before the Illyrians, the area was inhabited by ancient Mediterranean peoples with Indo-European culture. The origins of Zadar can be traced back to the 9th century BC. It is a settlement of the Illyrian tribe of Liburnians known as Iader.
When it became a Roman municipality in 59 BC, it was renamed, Adela. It became a Roman colony in 48 BC. During Roman rule, Zadar acquired the characteristics of a traditional Roman city, with a regular road network, public squares (forums), and elevated capitols with temples.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 and the destruction of Salona by the Avars and Croats in 614, Zadar became the capital of Byzantine-themed Dalmatia. At the beginning of the 9th century, Zadar was briefly ruled by the Franks, but in 812 Nifori peacefully returned it to the Byzantines. The first Croatian rulers gained temporary control of the city in the 10th century. In 998, Zadar swore allegiance to Governor Pietro Otello II and became a vassal of the Republic of Venice. In 1186, it was placed under the protection of King Bella III of Hungary and Croatia.
In 1202, the Venetians reconquered and ransacked Zadar with the help of the Crusaders. Hungary regained control of the city in 1358 when it was handed over to King Louis I of Hungary. In 1409, King Ladislaus I sold Zadar to the Venetians. When the Ottoman Empire conquered the hinterland of Zadar in the early 16th century, the town became an important stronghold, ensuring Venice’s trade in the Adriatic Sea, and was the administrative and cultural center of the Venetian territory in Dalmatia. This created an environment where art and literature flourished.
Between the 15th and 17th centuries, Zadar was influenced by the Renaissance and produced many important figures of the Italian Renaissance, such as Giorgio Ventura. And Giovanni Francesco Fortunio (Giovanni Francesco Fortunio), wrote the first Italian books, and many Croatian writers such as Petar Zoranić, Brne Krnarutić, Juraj Baraković, and Šime Budinić, all write in Croatian.
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After the fall of Venice in 1797, Zadar remained under Austrian rule until 1918, except for a short period of French rule (1805-1813), and remained the capital of Dalmatia. During French rule, the first Croatian newspaper Il Regio Dalmata – Kraglski Dalmatin was published in Zadar (1806-1810). In the 19th century, Zadar became the center of the Croatian cultural and national revival movement against the background of increasing ethnic identities between Croats and Dalmatian Italians.
With the Rapallo Treaty in 1920, Zadar was handed over to the Kingdom of Italy. During World War II, it was bombed by Allied forces and witnessed the evacuation of Italians. The guerrillas occupied the city on November 1st, 1944; in 1947, it formally became part of SR Croatia, it was a federal member of SFR Yugoslavia, and its armed forces defended it from October 1991 An attack by the Serbian army aimed at capturing it.
Today, Zadar is the historical center of Dalmatia, and Dalmatia is the main political, cultural, commercial, industrial, educational, and transportation center of Zadar County. Zadar is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Zadar. Due to its rich heritage, Zadar is now one of Croatia’s most popular tourist destinations. Cool City”. In 2016, the Belgian portal Europe’s Best Destinations.com ranked Zadar as the “Best Destination in Europe” after a three-week online vote with more than 288,000 votes.
The UNESCO World Heritage List includes the city of Zadar as part of the 15th to 17th-century Venetian defenses: Stato da Terra – west of Stato da Mar in 2017.
Amazing Facts About Zadar (Croatia)
9th century BC
Colonia Iulia Iader
City : 25 km2 (10 sq mi)
Metro : 194 km2 (75 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
City : 75,082
Density : 3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
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