Titanic is a 1997 American epic romantic and disaster film directed, created, co-produced and edited by James Cameron. It combines historical and fictional aspects and is based on the sinking of the RMS Titanic and the sinking of members of different social classes such as Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet Described that they fell in love during the unfortunate maiden voyage.
Cameron’s inspiration for the movie came from his obsession with shipwrecks. He believes that love stories spreading human losses are essential to convey the emotional impact of disasters. Production began in 1995, when Cameron shot the actual “Titanic” wreck. The modern scene on the research ship was shot on Akademik Mstislav Keldysh, which Cameron used as the basis for photographing the shipwreck. Scale models, computer-generated images and reconstructions of the Titanic built at Baja Studios were used to recreate the sinking.
The film is jointly funded by Paramount Pictures and 20th Century Fox; the former is responsible for distribution in North America, while the latter distributes the film internationally. This was the most expensive movie ever made at the time, with a production budget of US$200 million.
The Titanic was released on December 19, 1997 and was a major commercial success. It has received 14 Oscar nominations, and won the best Oscar nomination for “New Year’s Eve” (All About Eve, 1950), and won 11 awards, including Best Picture and Best Director Award, and Ben Hull (1959) won the highest Oscar award for a single film. . Titanic’s global initial film revenue exceeded $1.84 billion, making it the first film to reach the billion dollar mark. This is the highest grossing movie of all time, until Cameron’s “Avatar” surpassed it in 2010.
To commemorate the centenary of the sinking, the 3D version of “Titanic” was released. This film won another US$343.6 million in box office worldwide, bringing the total global box office of the film to US$2.18 billion, making the film become The second film (after Avatar) with a global box office of over $2 billion. In 2017, the film was re-released for the 20th anniversary and was selected for preservation by the National Film Registry.
In 1996, treasure hunter Brock Lovett (Brock Lovett) and his team boarded the research ship Akademik Mstislav Keldysh and searched for a necklace studded with rare diamonds in the wreckage of the RMS Titanic, that is, Heart of the Sea “. They found a safe with a picture of a young woman wearing only the necklace on April 14, 1912 (the day the ship hit the iceberg). The woman in the painting, Rose Dawson Calvert, was taken to Keldysh and told about Lovett’s experience aboard the Titanic.
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In 1912, only 17-year-old Southampton first-class passenger Rose DeWitt Bukater, fiance Cal Hockley and mother Ruth boarded the luxurious Titanic number. Ruth emphasized that Rose’s marriage will solve their family’s financial problems and keep them in the upper class. Annoyed by the engagement, Rose crawled over the stern and planned to commit suicide. Poor artist Jack Dawson intervened and discouraged her.
After Rose was discovered by Jack, he told the concerned Carl that she stared at the edge and Jack saved her from falling. Carl became cold and suggested that Jack be rewarded. He invited Jack to dine with them in a first-class restaurant. Although Cal, his valet Spicer Lovejoy and Ruth were wary of him, Jack and Rose established a temporary friendship. After dinner, Rose secretly attended Jack’s party in the third class.
Realizing Cal and Ruth’s disapproval, Rose rejected Jack’s promotion, but then realized that she liked him more than Cal. After bowing at sunset, Rose took Jack to her auditorium. At her request, Jack drew a nude picture of Rose, wearing a California engagement gift “Heart of the Sea”. They escaped Lovejoy and had sex in a car in the cargo hold. On the front deck, they witnessed the collision between the ship and the iceberg, and overheard its crew and builders to discuss its seriousness.
Cal found Jack’s Rose sketch and her insulting notes in his safe and necklace. When Jack and Rose tried to inform Karls of the crash, Karls retaliated and asked Lovejoy to slip the necklace into Jack’s pocket, accusing him of theft. Jack was arrested and detained in the Armory Office. Cal put the necklace in his coat pocket.
As the ship sank, Rose escaped Carl and his mother who boarded the lifeboat and released Jack. On the deck of the ship, Cal and Jack encouraged her to board the lifeboat. Carl only intends to save himself, but claims that he can make sure that he and Jack get out of the car safely. As the lifeboat descended, Rose realized that he could not leave Jack, and jumped back on the boat. Cal took Lovejoy’s pistol and drove Rose and Jack to the flooded first-class restaurant. After running out of ammunition, he breathed a sigh of relief. Cal realized that he had handed Rose the coat and necklace. He then boarded the lifeboat with a lost child in his arms.
After overcoming several obstacles, Jack and Rose returned to the ship deck. As the stern rises from the water, the lifeboat has moved away and passengers are dying. The boat broke in half and the stern fell into the water. Jack and Rose climbed to the back of it and rode into the sea. He helped her put it on a wooden board that could only float a single board. He assured her that she would die in the warm old woman on the bed. Jack died of hypothermia, but Rose’s returning lifeboat saved him.
RMS Carpathians later rescued the survivors; on the ship, Rose hid from Cal on the way to New York City, where she named Rose Dawson. Rose said she later read that as a result of the financial hardship caused by the Wall Street crash in 1929, Karl committed suicide.
Back to the present, Lovett decided to abandon his search after hearing Rose’s story. Rose was alone in the stern of Keldysh, took out the Heart of the Sea that she had always had, and threw it into the sea at the shipwreck site. When she appears to be asleep or dying in bed, the pictures on the dressing table portray a free and adventurous life. A young rose reunited with Jack on the big staircase of the Titanic, and the people who died on the ship applauded.
The main photography of “Titanic” began in July 1996 in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, shooting modern adventure scenes on Akademik Mstislav Keldysh. In September 1996, the product moved to the new Fox Baja Studios in Rosarito, Mexico, where the complete RMS Titanic was built. The stern deck is built on hinges, which can rise from zero to 90 degrees in a few seconds, just as the stern rises during a shipwreck. In order to protect the stuntman, many props are made of foam rubber.
By November 15, the boarding scene had been filmed. Cameron chose to build his RMS Titanic on the starboard side because research on weather data indicated that it was a prevailing north-south wind, blowing funnel smoke backwards. Since the ship is docked on the side of the port, there will be problems shooting the ship’s sailing from Southampton. Written instructions and execution of props and costumes must be cancelled; for example, if someone walks to the right in the script, they must walk to the left during filming. In post-production, flip the film to the correct direction.
In 1912, a full-time etiquette coach was hired to guide the actors in the upper-class gentleman manner. Nonetheless, some critics have picked anachronism from the film, especially when it comes to two major stars.
Cameron sketched a scene for Jack’s naked Rose, which he felt was a depressing background. He said: “You know what this means to her, the freedom she must feel. For this reason, it’s exhilarating.” The nude scene was the first scene of DiCaprio and Winslet. “Although I can’t design it better, it is not any kind of design.
Cameron said: “They are full of tension, energy and hesitation. They rehearsed together, but did not shoot together. If I had a choice, I might prefer to shoot it in more depth.” Cameron said, he And his camera crew “just want to find what to shoot” because the large equipment is “not ready yet.” For several months, we have been trying to find something that can be photographed. “After watching the scenes in the movie, Cameron thought it worked well.
The rest of the scene is not so smooth. This filming was a difficult experience, “proving the reputation of Cameron’s “Hollywood’s Scariest Man”. He is known as an uncompromising, budget-conscious perfectionist” and “a 300 decibel The screamer, the modern Captain Bligh and the loudspeaker” and the walkie-talkie, swooped into people’s faces on the 162-foot crane. “Winslet scratched a bone on his elbow during the filming process, and worried that she would be submerged in the 17 million gallon water tank that the ship was about to sink.
She said, Jim has a bad temper, you can’t believe it, “Damn it!” He yelled at a poor crew member, “That’s what I don’t want!” Her starring Bill Paxton (Bill Paxton) He is familiar with his professional ethics from his early experience with Cameron. set. He said: “Jim is not the guy who has time to win hearts.” The crew felt that Cameron had an evil self-change, so they nicknamed him “Jim.” In response to the criticism, Cameron said: “Filmmaking is war. A huge struggle between business and aesthetics.”
In the shooting of Akademik Mstislav Keldysh in Canada, an angry crew member put the dissociative drug PCP into the soup that Cameron and others ate overnight in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. It sent more than 50 people, including Paxton, to the hospital. Actor Lewis Abernathy said: “Some people just rolled around and jumped out completely. Some of them said they were seeing streaks and psychedelics.” Cameron managed to get the drug completely absorbed Vomiting. Abonasi was shocked by his appearance. “One eye is completely red, like the eyes of a Terminator. One pupil, no iris, beet red. The other eye looked like he had been sniffing glue since he was four years old. “The person behind the poisoning was never caught.
The shooting schedule was originally intended to last 138 days, but was later increased to 160 days. Many actors have caught a cold, flu or kidney infection after spending several hours in cold water, including Winslet. In the end, she decided that she would no longer cooperate with Cameron unless she got “a lot of money.” Several other people left the production, and the three stuntmen broke their bones, but the Screen Actors Guild decided after investigation that there was nothing insecure about this scene. In addition, DiCaprio said that it makes no sense for him to feel that he is in danger during filming.
Cameron firmly believed in a passionate work ethic and never apologized for his acting style, although he admitted: What I want is, and I want my crew. In terms of a certain kind of militarism, I think one of the elements is to deal with thousands of extras and large logistics personnel. I think you have to adopt a very strict method when dealing with large numbers of people.
The cost of filming “Titanic” eventually began to increase, eventually reaching 200 million US dollars, which is more than 1 million US dollars per minute of screen time. Fox executives panicked and suggested cutting one hour from the three-hour movie. They believe that extending the performance time will mean fewer screenings, thereby reducing revenue, even if a long epic is more likely to help the director win an Oscar. Cameron refused and said to Fox: “You want to cut my movie? You want to fire me! Do you want to fire me? You have to kill me!” The executives didn’t want to start again, because it would mean them all Investment loss, but they initially rejected Cameron’s proposal to give up his profit share because they predicted that profit was unlikely.
Cameron explained that confiscating his shares is complicated. “…In short, the cost of this movie is much higher than T2 and True Lies. The cost of these movies has increased by 7% or 8% from the initial budget. Titanic’s initial budget was also large, But it adds a lot more,” he said. “As a producer and director, I am responsible for the studio that writes the checks, so I relieved their pain. I did this on two different occasions. They didn’t force me to do this; they were happy for me. They did it. .”
Cameron chose to omit an “important historical fact” from the film. On the night of the California shipwreck, the California State Guard approached the Titanic, but turned off the radio that night and did not hear the crew’s SOS call, nor did they respond to their distress flare. . Cameron said: “Yes, Californian. This is not a compromise of mainstream film production. This is actually more about emphasizing, creating emotional authenticity for the film.”
He said that retelling certain aspects of sinking seemed important before and after production, but became less important as the film developed. Cameron said: “The Californian story is there; we even filmed a scene where they turned off Marconi’s radio.” “But I took it out. It’s an easy way because it Bring you back to this world. If the Titanic is in a sense as a metaphor, a miniature, and is powerful for the end of the world, then that world must be independent.”
In the editing of the first assembly, Cameron changed the ending of the plan, which resolved Brock Lovett’s story. In the original version at the end, Brock and Lizzy see an elderly Rose at the stern, and she is worried that she will commit suicide. Rose later revealed that she had always owned the “Heart of the Sea” diamond, but had never sold it, in order to live alone without Carl’s money. She told Brock that life is priceless, and after allowing him to hug the diamond, she threw the diamond into the sea. After accepting the precious wealth, Bullock laughed at his stupidity. Rose then returned to her cabin to sleep, and the film ended in the same way as the final version.
In the editing room, Cameron decided to stop there. The audience would no longer be interested in Brock Lovett and reduced the resolution of the story, so Rose was alone when he put down the diamond. After the sinking of the Titanic, he did not want to disturb the melancholy of the audience. Paxton agreed that his scene in Brock’s epiphany and laughter was unnecessary. He said: “I will shoot heroin to make the scene better. You are smart, and Get rid of self and narcissism, you can listen to movies, and movies will tell you what it needs and what it doesn’t need.”
The version used in the first test screening was a battle between Jack and Lovejoy. This battle took place after Jack and Rose escaped into a flooded restaurant, but the test audience did not like it. The scene was written to give the movie more suspense, and if it could not be obtained from Jack and Rose, Karl (false) offered to give Lovejoy (his valet) “Heart of the Sea”. Lovejoy follows the two in the sunken first-class restaurant. Just as they were about to escape him, Lovejoy noticed Rose’s hand patted from the table hiding in the water, and she was hiding behind.
In revenge for “stealing” the necklace, Jack attacked him and smashed his head on the glass window, which explained the scars on the head of Lovejoy when he died in the full version of the movie. In response to the scene, the test audience stated that it is unrealistic to risk their lives for the sake of wealth, and Cameron cut his lives for this reason, as well as time and pace. For similar reasons, many other scenes were also cut.
20th Century Fox and Paramount Pictures jointly invested in “Titanic”, Paramount was responsible for the North American distribution, and Fox was responsible for the international distribution. They expect Cameron to release the movie on July 2, 1997. The film is scheduled to be released on this date, “the aim is to take advantage of lucrative summer ticket sales when blockbuster movies usually perform better.”
Cameron said in April that the special effects of the film were too complicated to be released in the summer. Due to production delays, Paramount delayed the release date to December 19, 1997. “This has intensified people’s speculation that the film itself is a disaster.” During the screening in Minneapolis on July 14, “positive comments were generated” and “events on the Internet made the film better.” Word of mouth”. This ultimately led to more positive media coverage.
The film premiered at the Tokyo International Film Festival on November 1, 1997, and the New York Times described its response as “weak.” Positive comments began to appear in the United States. The official Hollywood premiere took place on December 14, 1997. “The big movie stars who participated in the opening ceremony enthusiastically promoted the film to the world media.”
Including revenue from reissues in 2012 and 2017, Titanic’s revenue in North America was US$659.4 million, and its revenue in other countries was US$1.528 billion. The total global revenue was US$2.187 billion. It became the world’s highest-grossing film ever in 1998, and it maintained a history of twelve years until “Avatar” (Avatar (2009)) written and directed by Cameron surpassed it in 2010. On March 1, 1998, it became the first movie to earn more than $1 billion in revenue worldwide, and on the weekend of April 13-15, 2012 a century after the original ship was established, Titan Nick became the second movie to break the $2 billion mark when it was re-released in 3D.
Box office Mojo estimates that after adjusting the ticket price, “Titanic” is the fifth highest-grossing film ever in North America. The website also estimates that the film sold 128 million tickets in the United States during its initial theater performance.
Titanic is the first foreign language film to be successful in India, and India has the largest number of movie audiences in the world. A 2017 Hindustan Times report attributed it to film similarities and shared themes with most Bollywood films.